Pfeffer von Salomon, Franz

(1888-1968)
   Freikorps* leader; head of the SA.* Born in Düsseldorf, he apparently dropped the last part of his name (von Salomon) out of sensitivity to anti-Semitic* opinion (he irregularly used "von"). Holding the army rank of captain at the end of World War I, he created the Westphalian Freikorps* (also known as the Pfeffer Freikorps) and was active in the Baltic* and Upper Silesian* campaigns. The leader of a sab-otage group in the Ruhr, he was also a member of Organisation Consul.*
   Pfeffer served in the Westphalian SA as an Oberführer before commanding the entire organization from November 1926 until August 1930. Under his lead-ership the SA grew from a disparate group of 6,000 men to a disciplined force of over 60,000. As a former officer with sound managerial talents, he instituted a new organizational structure during 1926-1927 that settled the SA's character until the fall of the Republic. Devised in harmony with Hitler,* the structure ensured that the SA served as a vital, if subordinate, tool of the NSDAP. Pfeffer established several auxiliary organizations—for example, SA reserves, naval forces, and intelligence teams—that increased the SA's overall cohesiveness while presaging later developments. But growing resentment over Hitler's le-gal" pursuit of power led to his bitter resignation as Supreme Leader of the SA (OSAF) during the 1930 election campaign. Despite his aversion to parliamen-tary politics, he joined the Reichstag's* NSDAP faction in November 1932. Arrested by the Gestapo in 1940 and 1944, he survived World War II and spent his final years in Munich.
   REFERENCES:Diehl, Paramilitary Politics; Max Schwarz, MdR; Waite, Vanguard of Nazism.

A Historical dictionary of Germany's Weimar Republic, 1918-1933. .

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Franz Pfeffer von Salomon — Franz Pfeffer von Salomon …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Franz Pfeffer von Salomon — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Franz. Pour les articles homonymes, voir Pfeffer …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Franz Pfeffer von Salomon — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Franz Felix Pfeffer von Salomon. Llamado Fritz . Nació el 19 de febrero de 1888 Düsseldorf, Alemania – † el 12 de abril de 1968 en Munich, Alemania. Oficial del Ejército y político …   Wikipedia Español

  • Pfeffer von Salomon — ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Franz Pfeffer von Salomon (1888−1968), deutscher Offizier und Politiker Friedrich Pfeffer von Salomon (1892−1961), deutscher Polizeipräsident, Gestapomitarbeiter, SA Führer und Regierungspräsident D …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Franz Pfeffer von Salomon — (February 19, 1888 in Düsseldorf April 12, 1968 in Munich) was the first commander of the SA after the the temporary abolishement in 1923 after the Beer Hall Putsch.Salomon was a Freikorps member and veteran from World War I. He made a name for… …   Wikipedia

  • Friedrich Pfeffer von Salomon — Friedrich Pfeffer von Salomon, genannt Fritz (* 19. Mai 1892 in Charlottenburg; † 29. Oktober 1961 in Straelen) war ein deutscher Polizeipräsident, Leiter der Gestapo Kassel, SA Führer und Regierungspräsident in Wiesbaden. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Salomon, Franz Pfeffer von —    See Pfeffer von Salomon, Franz …   Historical dictionary of Weimar Republik

  • Von Salomon — *Franz Pfeffer von Salomon, ex Freikorps member, leader of the SA from 1926 to 1930. *Ernst von Salomon, ex Freikorps member, German writer and one of the assassins of Walther Rathenau.These names are also listed under Salomon, in accordance to… …   Wikipedia

  • Franz von Pfeffer — Franz Pfeffer von Salomon Franz Pfeffer von Salomon (* 19. Februar 1888 in Düsseldorf; † 12. April 1968 in München) war ein deutscher Offizier und Politiker. Er war Offizier im Ersten Weltkrieg und Gutsbesitzer, Führer des „Freikorps Westfalen“,… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Franz — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom.  Pour l’article homophone, voir Frantz. Franz est un prénom allemand masculin. Il correspond au prénom français François …   Wikipédia en Français

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